Cheat Sheet 1 - An Argument consists of a conclusion and...

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An Issue is a question or controversy responsible for the conversation or discussion. It is the stimulus for what is being said. Discriptive Issues are those that raise questions about the accuracty of descriptions of the past, present, or future. Prescriptive Issues are those that raise questions about what we should do or what is right or wrong, good or bad. A conclusion is the message that the speaker or writer wishes you to accept. Reasons are explanations or rationalities for why we should believe a particular conclusion.
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Unformatted text preview: An Argument consists of a conclusion and the reasons that allegedly support it. Ambiguity refers to the existence of multiple possible meanings for a word or phrase. An assumption is an unstated belief that supports the explicit reasoning. A value assumption is an implicit preference for one value over another in a particular context. We use value preferences and value priorities as synonyms. A fallacy is a reasoning trick that an author might use while trying to persuade you to accept a conclusion....
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