12 Metropolitan Fragmentation

12 Metropolitan Fragmentation - - NJ Supreme Court (1975)...

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3/14/11 Metropolitan Fragmentation Postwar Suburbanization By 1970 more Americans lived in suburbs than central cities 1950-1970: 83% of nation’s growth was in suburbs In 1980: Metropolitan Boston was 84% suburban Pittsburgh was 81% St. Louis was 81% Boston City Population 1950: 801,000 1980: 563,000
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3/14/11
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3/14/11 “We will neglect our cities to our peril, for in neglecting them we neglect the nation.” - JFK, State of the Union, 1962 Abandoning the City (in three steps): 1. Physical abandonment A. Leave B. Prevent Annexation 1954 Lakewood Plan – “minimal cities” Buying services C. Zone for exclusion (No apartments, large lots, no public housing) Southern Burlington County NAACP v. Township of Mount Laurel “Almost every [municipality] acts solely in its own selfish and parochial interest and in effect builds a wall around itself to keep out those people or entities not adding favorably to the tax base, despite the location of the municipality or the demand for varied kinds of housing.”
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Unformatted text preview: - NJ Supreme Court (1975) 3/14/11 2. Economic Abandonment Suburbanization of Jobs Industry (space, trucks, electricity) 1970 Majority of mfg jobs in suburbs 1950-1970 Camden lost mfg jobs, region more than doubled in # White Collar offices By 1975 office construction higher in suburbs Princeton Pike Office Park/Princeton Pike Corporate Center Concentration of tax-exempt entities in cities Boston: 41% of land was tax exempt in 1972 3/14/11 3. Psychological Abandonment It is ridiculous to suppose that those of us in the suburbs have any responsibility to help in the current Philadelphia school crisis. We did not create the problems of the inner city and we are not obligated to help in their solution.-1968 Letter to the Editor Special Alienation from places achieved from within cars Texas Rangers (1972) Carolina Panthers (1993) Florida Marlins (1993) New England Patriots (1971)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2011 for the course HIST 616 taught by Professor Davidstradling during the Winter '11 term at University of Cincinnati.

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12 Metropolitan Fragmentation - - NJ Supreme Court (1975)...

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