L2_Minerals

L2_Minerals - DEFINITION Naturally occurring inorganic crystalline(regular internal structure solid with a consistent chemical composition Building

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Unformatted text preview: DEFINITION: Naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline (regular internal structure) solid, with a consistent chemical composition. Building Blocks of Rocks • An element is a substance that can not be broken down to other substances by ordinary chemical reactions • An atom is the smallest unit of a substance that retains the properties of that element • Protons (positively charged) • Neutrons (zero net charge) • Electrons (negatively charged) • A molecule is the smallest unit of a compound that retains the properties of that substance Oxygen Electrons - 8 Protons - 8 Neutrons - 8 Atomic Number – 8 Atomic Mass – 16 (15.9994 amu) Isotopes (neutrons) 16 0, 17 0, 18 Nucleus Majority of Mass Fraction of Volume Electron Shells Majority of Volume Fraction of Mass Valence Shell Crystallization Precipitation Source: http://www.marulla.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/05/may11-amboy-salt-3.jpg Anions Negative Large in size Cations Positive Small in size...
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This note was uploaded on 03/12/2011 for the course GEOL 1113 taught by Professor Manger during the Spring '07 term at Arkansas.

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L2_Minerals - DEFINITION Naturally occurring inorganic crystalline(regular internal structure solid with a consistent chemical composition Building

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