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REVIEW SHEET FOR EXAM ONE – MEST 2013 – Dr. Kahf – Fall 2010 Explanatory statements that are in parentheses below will not appear on the actual exam. Other than that, the questions you see below will be the questions you see on the exam, verbatim (those that are selected for the exam, that is). Asterisked (*) items are from this week’s lectures/readings (Sept 21, 23), which you have not yet had. Please be familiar with DrKahf’s Exam Day Protocols : Turn off all electronic media and clear your desk, leaving your bookbag and cell phone (turned off) at the front of the room. Do not leave the room during the exam. (Use the toilet beforehand.) DO NOT BEGIN WRITING IN YOUR BOOKLET UNLESS IT HAS the official stamp (to be announced on the real exam). CROSS OUT anyone else’s name that may be written on your Blue Book and WRITE YOUR NAME, the course, and FALL 2010 in the center of the cover. Number your questions as they are numbered on the exam sheet; don’t reassign numbers. Write your answers in order, but you may leave space and go back to work on different sections in whatever order you wish. WRITE LEGIBLY! ====================================================REVIEW QUESTIONS============= Section One. People & term id’s. 10 points each. You will be given five and will choose only three (3) to answer, for a total of 30 points on this section. Who, what, when or where, and significance . Include associated dates wherever relevant. Your response to IDs does not have to be in full sentences; it can be in phrases/sentence fragments, as long as it is clear. 1. Constantine: Christians: from Yeshua to state power, capital Byzantium 313 Emperor becomes Christian (Constantine) But until 395 pagan temples are tolerated Founded city of Byzantium, Constantinople Built great rotunda churches (ieHagia Sophia) Minted the gold solidus Wars, etc. 2. Zenobia Third-century warrior queen of Palmyra(Palmyra is a city in Syria) in 270s Her husband died under mysterious circumstances and she took the throne “for her infant son” Led her people in a revolt against Rome and started taking over Greece and Egypt So the Romans attack and she lost in 274 There are several versions of her end: maybe she committed suicide (like her role model Cleopatra), maybe she was marched through Rome in golden chains, maybe she went to Rome and married a senator and lived peaceably 3. TheNicaean Council/ Council of Nicaea 325 CE Was the first Ecumenical (all-church) council (there will be 8 total) Codifies Christian doctrine
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Bans Arianism, and all non-Trinitarian forms of Christianity Orthodoxy is triumphant 4. Arian Christianity Arians: “there was not, what is” - Arius (Christ was created) Banned by Nicaean Council in 325 5. Monophysite Christianity Banned by Council of Chalcedon, AD 451 Said thatwhile Jesus may have once been human, his humanity dissolves in his divinity like a drop of honey in the sea – Eutychus (basically, Christ exists in one nature, divine)
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