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CCF20110131_00000 - NAME PERIOD_DATE CHAPTER 29...

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Unformatted text preview: NAME: PERIOD: ____DATE: CHAPTER 29 WORKSHEET (14TH ED.) Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad, 1912—1916 CHAPTER THEMES Theme: After winning a three-way election focused on different theories of progressivism, Woodrow Wilson successfully pushed through a sweeping program of domestic, economic and social reform in his first term. Theme: Wilson’s attempt to promote an idealistic progressive foreign policy failed, as dangerous military involvements threatened in both Latin America and the North Atlantic. CHAPTER SUMMARY Wilson and his New Freedom defeated Roosevelt and his New Nationalism in a contest over alternative forms of progressivism. Eloquent, idealistic former professor Wilson successfully carried out a broad progressive economic reform of the tariff, finances, and the trusts. He also achieved some social reforms that benefited the working classes, but not blacks. Wilson’s attempt to implement progressive moral goals in foreign policy was less successful, as he stumbled into military involvements in the Caribbean and revolutionary Mexico. The outbreak of World War I in Europe also brought the threat of American involvement, especially from German submarine warfare. Wilson temporarily avoided war by extracting the precarious Sussex pledge from Germany. His antiwar campaign of 1916 narrowly won him reelection over the still-quarreling Republicans. The “Bull! Moose” Campaign 0f1912 Wilson 5 1912 platform was dubbed the A/Qg flgdgm and included a) stronger/Whig 451 legislation, b) [/4 ,_ 1ef01m, and c) Zr 65 reductions New Freedom activities would attack the ‘triplew ll of privilege’ that included corporations, banks, and the tariff. 2. TR ran for president for a third party, the Progressive Republicans. Taft was the Republican candidate, and Roosevelt and Taft divided the gala! 45m vote, thus almost guaranteeing a [k [gm/{mt AC1 victory. 3. The philosophical difference between TR and Wilson lay 1n the difference between TR’ 5 New 5379/7 and Wilson’s New M. Based 1n part on Herbert ( m[ f ’s The Promise of American Life (1910), TR did not oppose trusts or large corporations a long as they were regulated by government. According to Croly, governmental regulation and welfare programs could ensure the best possible life for the greatest number of people. 4. Wilson’s New Freedom, on the other hand, favored small enterprise and unregulated, un—monopolized markets. Thus Wilson would not want to regulate big business ...
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