Philosophy 101 - Test #2 - Question #1

Philosophy 101 - Test #2 - Question #1 - translated means...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Test #2 Question #1 To begin, book II of Nicomachean Ethics centers around the idea of virtue; what it is, why it’s important, and how to differentiate those who are virtuous from those who act “good” by mistake. Aristotle’s “chief good” or good that is sought for nothing but itself is happiness: “Happiness is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue.” (Aristotle) Understanding that certain “goods” such as honor, wisdom, courage and temperance were worthy and important to possess, he also realized that these qualities were pursued ultimately for the individual’s happiness. Happiness, however was never pursued to fulfill any other good, hence it became Aristotle’s “chief good.” In terms of excellence, the Greek word for “virtue” is “arête” which, when literally
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: translated means “excellence.” “Areté is that quality of any act, endeavor, or object that makes them successful acts, endeavors, or objects.” (Palmer, 81) That being said, in Aristotle’s eyes, there were two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral virtue. Intellectual virtue was something that was achieved through education and inheritance, and moral virtue was achieved through “imitation, practice, and habit” (Palmer, 82). One was virtuous if they acquired these traits, and of course, remained within the “Doctrine of the Mean” as discussed in class. For instance, the virtue, “courage” had two vice’s, or extremes: one of deficiency (cowardice), and one of excess (rash)....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern