Philosophy 101 - Test #2 - Question #1

Philosophy 101 - Test #2 - Question #1 - translated means...

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Test #2 Question #1 To begin, book II of Nicomachean Ethics centers around the idea of virtue; what it is, why it’s important, and how to differentiate those who are virtuous from those who act “good” by mistake. Aristotle’s “chief good” or good that is sought for nothing but itself is happiness: “Happiness is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue.” (Aristotle) Understanding that certain “goods” such as honor, wisdom, courage and temperance were worthy and important to possess, he also realized that these qualities were pursued ultimately for the individual’s happiness. Happiness, however was never pursued to fulfill any other good, hence it became Aristotle’s “chief good.” In terms of excellence, the Greek word for “virtue” is “arête” which, when literally
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Unformatted text preview: translated means “excellence.” “Areté is that quality of any act, endeavor, or object that makes them successful acts, endeavors, or objects.” (Palmer, 81) That being said, in Aristotle’s eyes, there were two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral virtue. Intellectual virtue was something that was achieved through education and inheritance, and moral virtue was achieved through “imitation, practice, and habit” (Palmer, 82). One was virtuous if they acquired these traits, and of course, remained within the “Doctrine of the Mean” as discussed in class. For instance, the virtue, “courage” had two vice’s, or extremes: one of deficiency (cowardice), and one of excess (rash)....
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This note was uploaded on 03/13/2011 for the course PHI 101 taught by Professor Koofers during the Spring '11 term at SUNY Suffolk.

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