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Unformatted text preview: Alan Brinkley, The Unfinished Nation : Study Guide Chapter 19: From Stalemate to Crisis 1. Americans began to look to government in the late 19 th century for leadership in their search for stability and social justice. 2. Americans party loyalties were not because the parties took distinct positions on important public issues, in fact, they did so rarely. Party loyalties were due to factors such as region, religious differences, and ethnic differences. Party identification was usually more a reflection of cultural inclinations than a calculation of economic interest. 3. The four responsibilities of the federal government were delivering the mails, maintaining a national military, conducting foreign policy, and collecting tariffs and taxes. 4. The Sherman Act prohibited trust combinations that restrained competition. The Interstate Commerce Act banned discrimination in rates between long and short hauls, required that railroads publish their rate schedules and file them with the government, and declared that all interstate rail...
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- Fall '07