4-Demeter

4-Demeter - th century BCE Hades and Persephone enthroned...

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4. Greek and Roman Myth: The Mother Goddess September 1, 2010
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“When God was a woman” Matriarchy, reproduction, agriculture Gaia, Rhea, and Hera; Asherah Patriarchy, warfare, herding Zeus; Yahweh Pillar Figurines from Judah, 8 th -6 th cent. BCE. The Goddess Asherah? Size 6 in.
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Many Goddesses in Greece The Wife-Hera The Virgins-Athena, Artemis, Hestia The Sexpot-Aphrodite; her son Eros The Mother-Demeter (Deo-meter) Demeter, attended by Ploutos (Wealth). Greek red-figured vase painting. 4 th cent. BCE
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Emotional Situations that lead to Irrational Behavior 1. Fear 2. Rage 3. Separation 4. Seeking
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Demeter and Persephone Back story-Zeus, Hades, Poseidon The flower; kidnapping by Hades The wanderings and grieving of Demeter; 9 days, torches, fasting, no bathing Hecate and Helios Demeter at Eleusis; Metaneira, Celeus, and their son Demophoon; ambrosia, fire The temple, the cult The return of Persephone; the pomegranate
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Hades carries off Persephone in his chariot. From a painted tomb at Vergina, Greece, 4
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Unformatted text preview: th century BCE Hades and Persephone enthroned as Rulers of the Underworld. Clay plaque From Lokroi Epizephyrioi, Italy. 5 th century BCE Functions of the Demeter Myth Provides a model for mother and daughter Explains the origin of the seasons Relates agriculture and fertility to death and sterility Explains the origin of the rituals of Demeter at Eleusis Remains at the cult site of Eleusis, 14 miles from Athens The Nine Days of the Eleusinian Mysteries Ritual and the Myth of Demeter The Pilgrimage to Eleusis 1. Nine days of events (Demeters 9 days of searching; no food, no bathing) 2. Travel by night, use of torches 3. Cheering the grieving goddess; jokes, drink of mint and barley 4. The temple established by Celeus at Eleusis and the mysteries revealed Structuralism in the Demeter Myth (Levi-Strauss Theory) Truth vs. Lies Sterility vs. fertility Mortality vs. immortality Infancy vs. Old Age Mourning vs. Joy Eating vs. fasting...
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2011 for the course CLT 3378 taught by Professor Magill during the Fall '07 term at FSU.

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4-Demeter - th century BCE Hades and Persephone enthroned...

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