8-Creation in Babylon

8-Creation in Babylon - 8. Sumer and Babylon: Chief Deities...

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8. Sumer and Babylon: Chief Deities and Creation September 20, 2010
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Mesopotamia: The Land between the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates Sumer, Babylon, Akkad, Assyria, ca. 3000 BCE-500 BCE
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The Enuma Elish- “When on high…” Form of the text- cuneiform, 7 clay tablets This version- Babylonian, second millennium BCE Usage of the text- New Year’s Day (the spring equinox) in Babylon; the chief god Marduk
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Principal Deities Apsu-god of fresh water Tiamat-goddess of salt water Anu-sky god; son of Anshar Ea (Nudimmud)-son of Anu, god of fresh waters and creation Damkina-wife of Ea Marduk-son of Ea and Damkina; ruler of the universe; chief god of Babylon
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Group Gods The Annunaki-followers of Tiamat The Igigi-followers of Marduk
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Themes Succession myth Overthrow of the father, of the mother Order from Chaos Charter myth
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The Story The first elements: water Begetting of divine children Apsu’s complaint; sympathy of the vizier Mummu; their plot Ea learns of the plot; slays Apsu, captures Mummu Birth of Marduk “in Apsu”
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2011 for the course CLT 3378 taught by Professor Magill during the Fall '07 term at FSU.

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8-Creation in Babylon - 8. Sumer and Babylon: Chief Deities...

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