Filiation, Descent, and Ideology

Filiation, Descent, and Ideology - Filiation Descent and...

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Filiation, Descent, and Ideology Behavior vs. talk Importance of Kinship and descent
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Facultative vs. Obligate Phenomenon What is a facultative adaptation? A trait that expresses in various ways depending on the conditions If A, then X. If B, then Y. Etc. What is an obligate adaptation? A trait that expresses always under species-typical conditions This distinction is not completely clear-cut; for example humans normally walk and run in biped fashion, but almost all can crawl on hands and knees when necessary.
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Importance of Kinship and Descent Going back to Lewis Henry Morgan, Henry Maine, John McLennan it had been realized that kinship and descent are related to various kinds of privileges and obligations. Succession to office (status) Inheritance of property Some disagreement among the 19 th Century Evolutionists on matrilineal (Morgan, McLennan, etc.) or patrilineal descent (Maine) was the earliest “stage” Marcel Mauss Total social fact: in primitive society all aspects of culture are interrelated Holism Basically, all of politics and economics has an origin in kinship and social organization.
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African Model of Descent Genealogical kinship defines membership: an individuals filiation is both necessary and sufficient for that individual to be recognized as a member.
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