slides7 - Pair Bonding and Kinship John McLennan (1865)...

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Pair Bonding and Kinship John McLennan (1865) raised the question of paternity certainty in human kinship. Paternity certainty related to appropriation by on man (bonding) And to degree of faithfulness (insured by guarding) Robin Fox: kin group + pair-bonding + language > female exchange Chapais alteration of Fox’s contribution removes the symbolic capacity (language requirement. Kin group replaced by male kin group (i.e, chimpanzee/bonobo-like kin group) Male kin group + pair bonding > exogamy configuration
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Paternity recognition Asymmetry in kin recognition in chimps and bononbos Mother-offspring recognition established; father-offspring not Mother offspring discrimination established; father- offspring not Conditions for paternity recognition Mother maintains preferential bond with father during conception That bond persists after birth The exclusivity of the mother-father bond is related to the recognition of offspring as the mother close associate Evidence Levels of promiscuity are high in chimps and bonobos No evidence of preferential relations between father and offspring
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Types of siblings and other kin Maternal half-sibs (same mother) Paternal half-sibs (same father) If 1 male dominates females then offspring of an age class may recognize each other If a large proportion of age mates are paternal half-sibs they may cooperate because they are kin This does not appear to be the case for chimps and bonobos (studies cited on 191-192) Chimps don’t recognize matrilateral relatives because of female out-migration so they have relatively shallow matrilateral kin
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This note was uploaded on 03/14/2011 for the course ANTH 200 taught by Professor Drziker during the Spring '11 term at Boise State.

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slides7 - Pair Bonding and Kinship John McLennan (1865)...

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