2201_ReflectionPaper - Name Soh Lin Wei Matric number...

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Name: Soh Lin Wei Matric number: U082262U Ethnicity is the state of belonging to a social group that “possesses distinctive linguistic, religious, cultural, or national characteristics” (Gudykunst et al, 2003, p. 93). A social group is “two or more individuals who share a common social identification of themselves or… perceive themselves to be members of the same social category” (Turner, 1982, p. 15). Ethnicity is not something we can make a choice on, and it “influences our communication because it is based on a shared cultural heritage in our ethnic groups” (p. 94). Turner says that “anytime we categorize ourselves as members of ethnic groups, we also categorize strangers as not being members of our ethnic groups and, therefore, being members of other ethnic groups” (1987). This gives rise to ethnocentrism, which is the belief that our own ethnic group is more superior to other ethnic groups. William Sumner defines ethnocentrism as “the view of things in which one’s own group is the centre of every- thing and all others are scaled and rated, in reference to one’s group. Each group
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