NegativeEmotions - o Ex stranger anxiety Caution and...

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Negative Emotions 1 st negative emotions: startle, disgust and distress – all unrelated to external event 2.5-3 mo. – display facial expressions of anger, interest, surprise, and sadness o beginning to respond to external events ex: distress at getting a shot early emotional displays likely influenced by genetic-maturational factors anger and sadness are emotional signals for eliciting care and comfort – important evolutionary function for survival of infant Fear: as babies age, show more distressing behaviors and discrimination toward the unfamiliar o Fear of strangers 3 mo – wariness 9 mo – true fear o stranger distress not universal – varies among culture, individual differences related to temperament Differences in Emotions Contextual factors can affect infant reactions Infants use social referencing to know how to act in uncertain situations – 8-9 months The degree of control a child has over a situation affects her or his reactions
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Unformatted text preview: o Ex: stranger anxiety Caution and wariness when encountering an unfamiliar person Common around six months Memory develops -> ability to recognize familiar people emerges -> ability to anticipate and predict events increases Unfamiliar setting, no contact with familiar figure, sober or negative emotion from familiar figure, more likely to exhibit fear Familiar setting, close physical proximity, positive reaction to stranger from familiar figure, less fear Children more afraid of adult strangers, more afraid of males than females, more afraid of stranger with sober expression Degree of control over situation also influences fear Separation Anxiety/Protest • Distress displayed by infants when a customary care provider departs • Begins at 7-8 mos, peaks at 14-15 mos • Universal across cultures • Stranger and separation anxiety can both be explained by cognitive advances and becoming more emotionally bonded with caregiver...
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NegativeEmotions - o Ex stranger anxiety Caution and...

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