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Temperament - o Slow to adapt withdraws • Feisty o...

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Temperament Individual Differences and Genetics Physical characteristics have a genetic component o Height o Obesity o Blood pressure o Respiration rate o Life expectancy Intelligence among family members o Closest for identical twins and then less and less similar the further away the relationship o Intelligence 50-80% influenced by heredity Intelligence scores correlate with their biological parents more than adoptive parents Adoptees IQ scores were 20 points higher than birth parents if placed in more enriched environment Personality traits linked to genetics: neuroticism and extroversion Environment has many thing to do with it also Temperament 264-265 responsible for for the exam Video Flexible Children o Barely make a fuss Fearful/Cautious o Become very attached o Go slowly/step by step
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Unformatted text preview: o Slow to adapt, withdraws • Feisty o Spirited, fun o Need to be expertly managed o Most difficult and fun o Intense o Use redirection Temperament • Set of biological or constitutionally based traits that influence how a person reacts and behaves o Refers to how children behave, as opposed to what they do or why they do it o Displayed as differences in general disposition from birth, largely due initially to genetic factors o Tends to be fairly stable well into adolescence o Not fixed and unchangeable, can be modified by childrearing practices • Learning theory o conditioning • Psychoanalytic theory o Extent to which mother gratifies child’s basic needs Causes of temperament • Grows out of behavioral genetics framework • Physiological reactivity to novel stimuli...
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