PrimaryEmotions - but especially interested in people and...

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Primary Emotions Primary: emerge early in life – no introspection or self-reflection required o Joy, fear, surprise, disgust, sadness, interest, anger Secondary: emerge toward middle of second year. Called “self- conscious” emotions because rely on self-awareness o Pride, shame, guilt, embarrassment Early emergence and functionality of emotion expressions Interest – 0-1 – exploration/learning Sadness – 3-5 mo – elicits empathy Anger – 3-5 mo – action vs. restraints Fear – 9-11 mo – protection/safety Smiling and Laughter First expressions Earliest smiles – little meaning. Newborns show reflex smiles – spontaneous and likely depends on baby’s internal state 6-9 weeks – begin reliable smiling in response to external stimuli,
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Unformatted text preview: but especially interested in people and faces. Relatively indiscriminate at first but more so over time. Smile more when reinforced by mother – special smile for mother (Duchenne Smile) • not all babies smile with equal frequency; individual, cultural, and sex differences exist • wide array of stimuli can make baby laugh (and what makes children laugh changes as they develop) • 18 th month old – social smiling occurs more frequent toward humans than nonhuman objects • end of 2 nd year: o use smiling purposefully o show sensitivity to emotional expressions of others • 3-5 year olds: o laughing becomes social event, which occurs in presence of other 95% of the time...
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