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Emotions - responses Supported by Parent responses to...

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Emotion: subjective reactions to environment Purpose of Emotion Communicate feeling to another individual o Critical part of basic social interactions o Important for social and occupational success No social skills not as successful social or in certain occupations Emotions effect physical and mental health o Stress o Depression Identify Emotion Izard’s Maximally discriminative affect coding Theories of Emotional Development Genetic-maturational perspective o Emotions have biological underpinnings o MZ twins more similar than DZ twins in amount of smiling and fear reactions to strangers o Generally people around world use similar facial expressions of emotion o Darwin argued for this Learning Perspective o Individual differences in emotional expressions resulting from individual experiences; experiences elicit and reinforce
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Unformatted text preview: responses. Supported by: Parent responses to smiling increases baby’s rate of smiling Fears can be learned by operant conditioning or by observation • Functionalist perspective – unified approach that proposes that emotions: o Purpose of emotions is to help achieve goals and adapt to environment o Emphasizes role of emotions in social relationships and of emotional signals in guiding behaviors o Emotions attached to memories Infant Emotional Expressions • Infants display adult-like nonverbal expressions o If displays are innate, facial expressions may occur without accompanying cognitive referents – reflexive • Infant nonverbal expressions represent emotional experiences o Expressions may help to regulate emotion as basic expressions are modified and better controlled with age – adaptive...
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