Langauge and Thought

Langauge and Thought - Poverty and Language •...

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Langauge Langauge and Thought Symbolic function o Ability to use symbols Language and thought influence each other Vygotsky – bidirectional influence o Develop cognitively – have more sophisticated language o More sophisticated language – thought more advanced o This view may be the most accurate Infant directed Speech Short simple high pitched sentences, varied and exaggerated intonation, amusing words/sounds Little formal structure Similar to telegraphic speech Occurs cross culturally but with variation Impact o Preferred by newborns o When used on infants they seem to begin to use words and exhibit linguistic capabilities sooner Importance o Makes it more concrete for infants
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Unformatted text preview: Poverty and Language • Professional parents speak to kids more, children have more exposure to language: number of words and variety – do better on tests of intelligence o Early exposure to language important o Hart and Risley Study Bilingualism • Lack of evidence that bilingualism interferes with children’s language learning more generally • Need to compare number of words they know in both languages together • Language learned simultaneously – language shares same brain region • Languages learned sequentially – second language goes to different part of the brain ELL • Bilingual education vs. English immersion...
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