Langauge - • Noises • crying • Facial expressions etc...

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Language Phonemes – smallest basic sound of language Morphene – smallest sound that has meaning Semantics – rules that govern meaning within language – give words and sentences their meaning Comprehension vs. production Comprehension – understanding o Earlier than production and increases at a 2x faster rate o 8-9 months infants can respond to verbal output by parent but can only vocalize syllables, but understand what is being said Production – use to communicate Speech sounds differ across languages, humans born with ability to create sounds of each language But over time loss it because they have experience making language sounds of their own language and not of other languages Worker – proposes this is due to narrowing of sensitivity to language and inability to discriminate sounds o Losing of ability occurs between 10-12 months of age Babies have prelinguistic communication before ability to talk
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Unformatted text preview: • Noises • crying • Facial expressions, etc. o To communicate with parent Babbling • Restricted to speech like sounds but sounds meaningless to us • Repetition of sounds • Universal • Starts at 2-3 months and continues to 1 year • Range of sounds being able to produce with babbling increases o Start with vowels, add consonants o Start with easier sounds and then progressively moves to harder sounds • Sounds different by 6 months to reflect the language the baby is exposed to Progression from Simple to Complex • Exposure to speech sounds of particular languge initially do not influence babbling • By 6 months, babbling differs according to the language to which the infant is exposed o At 6 months babbling reflects language of culture o Distinguishable from other language babbling • Combinations of sounds and gestures used to communicate...
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