Yoruba - Yoruba Peoples at the heart of Ife and Oyo Large...

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Yoruba Peoples at the heart of Ife and Oyo Large language group in the western part of modern day Nigeria Hausa name for people of Oyo Empire – outside label Originally mixed farmers, hunters, traders, living in small village communities By 11 th or 12 th century: evidence of state formation, source of state authority related to religion Many Yoruba states or “mini-states”. Larger ones Ife and Oyo Origin of creation myth Olurun (god of the sky) Ruler (oni) based his claim to kinship on his direct descent from the founding ancestor Oduduwa Ability to produce food surplus economic basis of early Yoruba states. Also derived revenue from profit from trade and taxation of peasantry. o Ife Origin before 15 th century Agriculture based economy Social and economic organization of Ife- inhabitants had the wealth and time required to practices highly developed artistic skills Produced some of the finest artistic artifacts in the whole region: known for bronzes, terracottas,
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2011 for the course HUMN 007 taught by Professor Blyden during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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Yoruba - Yoruba Peoples at the heart of Ife and Oyo Large...

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