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Late 18th Century Antislavery

Late 18th Century Antislavery - • Formerly Enslaved add...

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Late 18 th Century antislavery British humanitarians not the first antislavery voices French and Haitian revolutions (1789 and 1791) 1750s Quakers in England and America 1770s the American Friends abolished slavery. British Quakers 1780s 1750s Quakers in England and America pushed for abolition o successful because their movement coincided with a newly emerging concept of equality for all men o evangelical Christianity – evangelical revival of John Wesley- preached the equality of all men before God. o Slave trade as ungodly and inhuman Prominent voices condemning slave trade on moral and humanitarian grounds: Rousseau, Adam Smith, novelist Samuel Johnson 1823 British Anti Slavery society British Abolition o William Wilberforce, Granville Sharp, Thomas and John Clarkson, James Stephen, Zachary Macaulay, Thomas Fowell Buxton – known as the Saints. o 1787 the Society for the abolition of the slave trade o successful because of political connections
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Unformatted text preview: • Formerly Enslaved add their voices o 1787 Ottobah Cugoano publishes Thoughts and Sentiments of the evils of Slavery o 1789 Olaudah Equiano autobiography o Ignatius Sancho • Agency of enslaved • Slave revolts in the Americas o Haitian Revolution 1791 o Revolts in other parts of the Caribbean Slave Trade Abolition • British 1807 • US 1808 – transporting from Africa only • British vessels and British citizens are forbidden by govt to participate in slave trade • British Anti-Slavery Squadron of ships operate on West African coast to stop slave ships and set the slaves free • British set up mixed commission courts in various places to condemn slave ships seized by the British Navy • Most important one in Sierra Leone in 1819. Also in Cuba, Surinam, Rio de Janeiro • 1867 the last known slave ship arrived in Cuba, effectively ending the legal slave trade • trade continued illegally into the 1880s...
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