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Unformatted text preview: th – camel spread among Berber • Populations in Sahel as traders connected to Berbers Outside Influence • From 700s to 1300s CE Arab and Islamic culture was the biggest outside influence • Islam spreads from Middle East to North African in 7 th century and then west and south • Coming of Islam o From 7 th to 11 th century, widespread phenomenon o Arab conquest gave Trans Saharan trade new impetus o Berbers were first converts to Islam in this region o Second wave of Islamization – 11 th century with the rise of the Almoravids, a Berber religious movement o By the 16 th century Islam was well established in Sudanic regions • Influence o Merchants and rulers first to convert – convert for more/better trade o Commoners, if converted at all, became Muslim much later o Arabic cultural influences mixed with African culture o Influence of Islam on: Language Education Architecture Law Gender roles Social classes...
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- Fall '10
- Algeria, Maghreb, Sahara Desert, Tuareg