Enslaved

Enslaved - Middle Passages Enslaved Men, women and children...

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Middle Passages Enslaved Men, women and children Differences in time period Predominance of males and adults over women and children After 1770’s prices for male slaves increase. Demand for women (breeding in the New World) By 19 th century men, women and children in relatively equal numbers More on numbers later On board a slave ship Ships used for slave trading not large Determined by African needs and the optimal way of carrying slaves Large crews for better control of enslaved Basic diet – yams and rice Ship surgeons do no significantly affect mortality rates or incidence of disease 18 th century vaccinations (1790s) – decrease mortality rates. Were vaccinations responsible or were Africans becoming more immune to European diseases? Factors influencing mortality rates Changes over time Variances in mortality rates from various African points of departure – shortest rate: Angola, with shortest average sailing time Shipboard conditions
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Enslaved - Middle Passages Enslaved Men, women and children...

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