Ginsberg Chapter 10

Ginsberg Chapter 10 - Ginsberg Chapter 10 The Presidency...

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Ginsberg Chapter 10 The Presidency What gives the President power?? Article II of the Constitution Executive power “He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed” Less power than Congress according to the Const., but Congress gives away its power routinely How much power should the President have?? Public opinion on this swings back and forth, depending on war/not war. We want strong leaders, but not to give up any of our rights. Requirements 35 years old 14 years a resident of the country A native-born citizen 22 nd Amendment limits to 2 terms Barack Hussein Obama is the 44 rd President of the United States Chief of State- The President is both our and the voice of the nation; the face that looks outward The President is the “Head of State,” a symbolic title He is also the Head of the Government, a political title POTUS speaks for all of America and is turned to at times of crisis for reassurance (psychological support and factual explanations) Political Pressures- The President is an elected official still subject to political pressure from the American people. By placing the expectations of the nation on one person’s shoulders, we almost set the President up to fail. The embodiment of government is placed on the shoulders of one person and there is enormous media scrutiny placed on the office. The Express powers of the President Make treaties, grant pardons, nominate federal judges and other public officials, receive ambassadors, and command the military The delegated powers of the President Congress delegates power to the Presidency because part of his job is to see that the laws are executed In theory these are limited but practical reality is a different thing The Inherent powers of the Presidency Powers that the President claims based on the vague wording of the Constitution Used by many Presidents to grow the power of the Executive office Always utilized in time of war or national crisis 1
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The Electoral College: The Electoral College was created by the constitution as the method of election the President of the U.S. Each state has the same # of Electors as it has Senators + Representatives + DC gets 3 On election day the votes in each state are counted & all of the electoral votes for that state go to the candidate that won in that state , except for 2 states Maine and Nebraska allot electoral votes in a proportional manner It takes a majority of the Electoral college votes to win 270 votes = 50% + 1 There is no set process for choosing electors. Each state decides its’ own procedures. If there is a split vote and NO candidate clearly wins it goes to the House to vote o The system is not foolproof. Sometimes it breaks down o o In 1876 it went to a Republican (Rutherford Hayes) because of a slant in the Electoral College, even though Samuel Tilden won the popular vote
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Ginsberg Chapter 10 - Ginsberg Chapter 10 The Presidency...

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