Ginsberg Chapter 9

Ginsberg Chapter 9 - Ginsberg Chapter 9 Congress: The First...

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Ginsberg Chapter 9 Congress: The First Branch Intended by the Framers to be the strongest branch of government Actually governs-many legislative bodies do not Has control of the use of force and power over money Intended to be a check on Presidential power President is Commander-in Chief, but cannot declare war or raise arms (which means fund the military) President is Chief Administrator of government, but Congress creates the government and makes the laws that govern everything else. Appointing executive officials and negotiating treaties requires Senatorial consent The President can veto, but Congress can override So, what happened? We’ll talk about ways that Congress does fulfill its function and ways that it doesn’t. Certainly our modern Congress is not exactly what the Framers intended. The enormous growth of the bureaucracy, which the President alone is not responsible for, has changed what Congress is and does. That growth was at least partly in response to social forces that Congress does not control. Representation: The self selected role of the legislator Delegate--An elected representative that acts in perfect accord with the wishes of his/her constituency. Usually favored in the House. Trustee-An elected representative. that believes his/her own judgment should be predominantly used in making legislative decisions. Usually favored in the Senate. Agency representation -the ability to hire and fire your representatives Is it moral for a Congressperson to vote against the wishes of the people who elected him/her? Does it depend on circumstance?? What about the votes that will be lost? Congress is Bicameral. It consists of two houses or chambers: a Senate and a House of Representatives. The Chambers are similar but contain important fundamental differences in style of leadership and power. The House 25 years old A citizen for 7 years A resident of the state electing Serve 2 year terms Elected from a district that has 650,000 people Has an upper limit of 435 members State residency requirements to qualify for election vary from state to state. The House has always been elected by the popular vote 1
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The Senate 30 years old A citizen for 9 years A resident of the state electing Serve 6 year terms Elected at large Terms are staggered so there is a Senate election every two years State residency requirements to qualify for election vary from state to state. (Hillary Clinton) Originally the Constitution required that Senators be elected by the State Legislatures. This was changed by the 17 th Amendment in 1913. Constitutional Powers Enumerated powers of Congress: Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution o Borrow money on the credit of the United States o Regulate international commerce, interstate commerce, and the Indian trade o Establish immigration laws and bankruptcy laws o Coin money, regulate the value of money, and establish standards of
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Ginsberg Chapter 9 - Ginsberg Chapter 9 Congress: The First...

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