Ginsberg Chapter 7

Ginsberg Chapter 7 - Ginsberg Chapter 7: Political Parties...

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Ginsberg Chapter 7: Political Parties In representative democracies, political parties are the organizations that: Recruit candidates for public office, nominate candidates, and run their candidates against the candidates of other parties in competitive elections Get out the vote Facilitate voter choice Organize power in Congress and coordinate the activities of government officials. Build a policy platform that knits together a broad variety of ideas Decentralized Political Parties: State Party Organizations are more powerful than the national organization. State elections happen more often, so the state party has more practice Every election in the nation is state or local except the Presidential election Separate political party organizations exist in each of the states They share similar ideologies, sentiment, and sometimes campaign money They are restrained by rules set by the national committee on how and when to choose delegates to the national convention Otherwise the state party organizations are mostly independent of each other. Unified Government and Divided Government A Two Party Political History: Political parties began in America. The Federalists and Anti-Federalists were the very first parties (called factions at the time). They evolved into: Democratic Republicans led by Jefferson and Madison Small town and rural=agricultural life style Small business owners, small land owners States’ rights and a weaker central government Federalists led by Alexander Hamilton Strong central government Wealthy merchants and large property owners The election of 1800 was the very first peaceful transfer of power from one group to another. The election exposed a flaw in the Constitution. Each elector could vote for two candidates, and the V-P received the second largest number of votes. Burr and Jefferson were tied. The Democratic-Republicans planned for one elector to abstain from voting for Burr, which would have given Jefferson 1vote more than Burr. The plan was bungled, resulting in a tied vote between Jefferson and Burr. The election went to the House of Representatives; controlled by the Federalists Most Federalists voted for Burr in order to block Jefferson from the Presidency and the result was a week of deadlock. 1
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Hamilton (Federalist) detested both but preferred Jefferson to Burr. He intervened on Jefferson's behalf, which allowed him to win the Presidency. Hamilton's actions were a major cause of his duel with Burr which resulted in Hamilton's death in 1804 The Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, was added to the Constitution. It required electors to make a distinct choice between their selections for President and V-P. 1816-Federalist party died out, leaving only one functioning political party-the D-R
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2011 for the course PLSC 2003 taught by Professor Diallo during the Spring '08 term at Arkansas.

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Ginsberg Chapter 7 - Ginsberg Chapter 7: Political Parties...

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