{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Covariation Model

Covariation Model - attention and environment is relatively...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Covariation Model Internal vs. external based on 3 things 1. Consensus- how do others react in this same situation? High= yes situation attribution (environment, circumstance) everyone is doing it Low= dispositional attribution (personality, attitude) 2. Consistency: does this person always act this way in this situation? High= happens frequently, personal attribution Low= situational attribution 3. Distinctiveness: does this person act this way in other situations as well? High= situational attribution (doesn’t apply to other situations, distinctive behavior/instance) Low= personal attribution o Fundamental Attribution Error When making attributions for others’ behavior, people tend to: Overestimate dispositional causes of behavior Underestimate situational causes of behavior Problems with attribution o Actor/observer effect o Perspective is key When we act, environment and situational influences are clear When we observe, person occupies the center of our
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: attention and environment is relatively invisible o Reasons for Actor-observer difference Perceptual salience: actors notice the situations around them that influence them to act, while observers notice the actors Information access: actors have more information about themselves than do observers (eg how consistent present behavior is to past behavior) Motivational bias: explanations for one’s successes that credit internal, dispositional factors as opposed to failures which are explained by external situational factors Self-esteem maintenance: self presentation reasons o Attribution and Depression Self-defeating pattern of attributions Most people attribute positive events to internal causes (lasting) and negative events to external (temporary) causes Depressed people do the opposite- attributing positive events to external causes and negative events to internal causes...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}