Covariation Model

Covariation Model - attention and environment is relatively...

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o Covariation Model Internal vs. external based on 3 things 1. Consensus- how do others react in this same situation? High= yes situation attribution (environment, circumstance) everyone is doing it Low= dispositional attribution (personality, attitude) 2. Consistency: does this person always act this way in this situation? High= happens frequently, personal attribution Low= situational attribution 3. Distinctiveness: does this person act this way in other situations as well? High= situational attribution (doesn’t apply to other situations, distinctive behavior/instance) Low= personal attribution o Fundamental Attribution Error When making attributions for others’ behavior, people tend to: Overestimate dispositional causes of behavior Underestimate situational causes of behavior Problems with attribution o Actor/observer effect o Perspective is key When we act, environment and situational influences are clear When we observe, person occupies the center of our
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Unformatted text preview: attention and environment is relatively invisible o Reasons for Actor-observer difference Perceptual salience: actors notice the situations around them that influence them to act, while observers notice the actors Information access: actors have more information about themselves than do observers (eg how consistent present behavior is to past behavior) Motivational bias: explanations for ones successes that credit internal, dispositional factors as opposed to failures which are explained by external situational factors Self-esteem maintenance: self presentation reasons o Attribution and Depression Self-defeating pattern of attributions Most people attribute positive events to internal causes (lasting) and negative events to external (temporary) causes Depressed people do the opposite- attributing positive events to external causes and negative events to internal causes...
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Covariation Model - attention and environment is relatively...

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