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Unformatted text preview: attention and environment is relatively invisible o Reasons for Actor-observer difference Perceptual salience: actors notice the situations around them that influence them to act, while observers notice the actors Information access: actors have more information about themselves than do observers (eg how consistent present behavior is to past behavior) Motivational bias: explanations for one’s successes that credit internal, dispositional factors as opposed to failures which are explained by external situational factors Self-esteem maintenance: self presentation reasons o Attribution and Depression Self-defeating pattern of attributions Most people attribute positive events to internal causes (lasting) and negative events to external (temporary) causes Depressed people do the opposite- attributing positive events to external causes and negative events to internal causes...
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- Fall '10
- Social Psychology, Fundamental Attribution Error, Low= dispositional attribution, Low= situational attribution, High= situational attribution, personal attribution