Bystander Intervention

Bystander Intervention - • Specifically bystanders assume...

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Bystander intervention 1. Noticing the event o what prevents step one distraction: other people distract our attention manners: don’t stare at others norms: mind your own business smoke filled room study: participants filled out a questionnaire either alone or with two strangers (true participants or confederates) staged emergency: smoke poured into room through wall vent who noticed smoke more quickly? Alone: responded immediately Small groups: longer 2. Interpreting the event as an emergency o what prevents step 2? Ambiguity Social comparison People look for “social proof” that the situation is real and an emergency Try to look poised, calm, and indifferent, which gives misleading cues to tohers that it is not an emergency nor is help needed Pluralistic ignorance: the state in which people mistakenly believe that their own thoughts and feelings are different from those of others, even though everyone’s behavior is the same
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Unformatted text preview: • Specifically, bystanders assume nothing is wrong in an emergency because no one else looks concerned • Smoke filled room study • 3. Assuming responsibility o prevents step 3: diffusion of responsibility- each bystander’s sense of responsibility to help decreases as the number of bystanders increases • 4. Decide know how to help o why do people not help? They don’t want to appear foolish o prevents= lack of knowledge and competence o Cramer Emergency – seizure Participants were students or nurses Participants alone or with others Alone or with others, 70-75% of nurses helped 70% of students helped when alone, 25% helped when with others • 5. Deciding to implement the help o what prevents step 5? Costs of helping Legal problems Embarrassment(audience inhibition) • Fear that others will evaluate them negatively if they intervene and the situation is not an emergency Personal danger...
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Bystander Intervention - • Specifically bystanders assume...

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