Polarization

Polarization - Polarization o Common belief: a benefit of...

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Polarization o Common belief: a benefit of groups is that everyone hears different opinions o This should lead to moderate decisions o Stoner et al. (1961) management thesis- studied commonly held belief that groups are more cautious than individuals… so posed decision dilemmas – advise how much risk imaginary character should take Results: group decisions riskier than individuals’ decisions (and individuals altered their decisions) “Risky Shift” phenomenon Later study used Roger problem Imaginary character – young married, 2 kids, low-paying job, few luxuries Decision dilemma – how much risk? Found that group became more conservative o Group polarization- tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the initial inclinations of its members Voting records of all republican judicial panels vs. mixed panels Religious forums on the internet o Only works if group members all generally agree at first o Persuasive arguments -> exposure to addition
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Polarization - Polarization o Common belief: a benefit of...

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