High effort processes

High effort processes - Observer person who is doing the...

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High effort processes Correct for low-effort mistakes Requires ability and motivation Ex: buying a car: o Low effort: color, status o High effort: gas mileage, dependability, cost Ex: person perception o Low: 1 st impressions, stereotypes o High: personality traits, interactions High effort processes: o Counterfactual thinking- mentally changing an aspect of the past and imagining what might have been o Is more common after failures and when closer to achieving a missed goal Missed flight by minutes versus an hour Missed getting an A by one point versus 10 points Silver vs. Bronze medalists o Upward counterfactual thinking- negative feelings, envy o Downward CFT- positive feelings, satisfactions o CFT focused on why negative outcomes occurred- better strategies and performance in future Attribution Theory o A group of theories that describe how people explain the causes of behavior o Players: Actor- person whose behavior being explained
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Unformatted text preview: Observer- person who is doing the explaining One person can be both o Types of Explanations Internal Reflects personality and tells something about the person Behavior is voluntary Facilitates prediction of future behavior (provides a sense of control) External Explanation based on the environment; says little about person Does not facilitate prediction of future behavior Doesn’t say much about the actor’s personality o Correspondent Inference Theory Notion that you correspond what you see with how you make inferences about person Behavior corresponds with person, infer disposition from behavior Correlate what we see with what we’re getting from that person 1. Choice- behavior is freely chosen 2. Expectedness: when behavior deviates from norms 3. Consequences: when behavior doesn’t lead to positive consequences...
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High effort processes - Observer person who is doing the...

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