Helping - Prosocial behavior- any act performed with the...

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Prosocial behavior- any act performed with the goal of benefiting another person Altruism- motive/desire to help another person even if it involves a cost (or at least no benefit) to the helper No rewards for helping Altruism or egoism: the Great Debate Is helping motivated by altruistic or egotistic concerns? o Altruistic- motivated by desire to increase another’s welfare o Egoistic- motivated by desire to increase one’s own welfare o Batson: motivation behind some helpful actions is truly altruistic Hypothesis: people who feel empathetic are more likely to help regardless of costs/benefits o How easy to escape from helping situation? If egoistic motive, helping should decline when escape from the situation is easy If altruistic, help given whether can escape or not o Carol Study: Carol broke both her legs and needs help catching up with school work High empathy: focus on Carol’s feelings Low empathy: remain objective High cost of not helping: see Carol in class
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Helping - Prosocial behavior- any act performed with the...

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