Social facilitation

Social facilitation - Social facilitation: o Presence of...

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Social facilitation: o Presence of others -> increased arousal -> dominant response -> easy task enhance performance -> difficult task impair performance o What are we aroused in the presence of others? Evaluation apprehension Concern for how others are evaluating us Apprehension about how being evaluated, disrupts non-dominant behavior Apprehension doesn’t interfere in well learned tasks Social facilitation disappears when others are blindfolded Distraction-conflict theory (Sanders 1981) Attention conflict between simultaneously focusing on task and inspecting the distracting stimulus(people, music, etc) creates arousal Can hurt performance sometimes and help sometimes Presence of others can create distractions leading to poorer performance Sometimes will stimulate greater effort to overcome the conflict “tunnel vision” can help Mere presence (Zajonc) Mere presence of others creates certain amount of energy/arousal even without
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2011 for the course PSYCH 12 taught by Professor Stock during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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Social facilitation - Social facilitation: o Presence of...

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