Social facilitation Review

Social facilitation Review - existing tendencies...

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Social facilitation- tendency of people to perform simple or well learned tasks better when others are present; strengthening of dominant responses in the presence of others Robert Zajonc Aroused in presence of others because: Evaluation apprehension Driven by distraction Mere presence Social loafing- tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their efforts toward a common goal than when they are individually accountable Free riders- people who benefit from the group but give little in return Social loafing prevalent throughout world Loaf less when task appealing, challenging, involved Deindividuation- loss of self awareness and evaluation apprehension; occurs in group situations that foster responsiveness to group norms Elicited by: o Group size o Physical anonymity o Arousing/distracting activities Diminish self-awareness, disconnect behavior from attitudes Group Polarization- group produced enhancement of members pre-
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Unformatted text preview: existing tendencies; strengthening of members average tendency Social comparison- evaluating ones opinions and abilities by comparing oneself with others Pluralistic ignorance- false impression of what most other people are thinking, feeling, or responding • Informational influence • Normative influence Groupthink- “mode of thinking when concurrence seeking becomes so dominant it overrides realistic appraisal of alternate course of action • Amiable, cohesive group • Isolation from dissenting viewpoints • Directive leader Symptoms: • Illusion of invulnerability • Unquestioned belief of groups morality • Rationalization • Conformity pressure • Self-censorship • Illusion of unanimity • Mindguards Preventing groupthink: • Be impartial • Encourage critical evaluation • Subdivide group • Welcome outside opinions • “second chance meeting”...
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Social facilitation Review - existing tendencies...

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