TypesofArguments - o Premises assert one or more...

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Complex Question “loaded question” “yes or no: have you stopped beating your wife yet?” P1: If you have stopped beating your wife, then you were beating your wife!!, P2: If you haven’t stopped beating you wife, then you were beating your wife o therefore: you were beating your wife S -> W ~S -> W Therefore: W Forces you into a dilemma Two kinds of arguments: Inductive – strong/weak o Strength/weakness o At best, the conclusion of an inductive argument follows with a high degree of probability- i.e. the argument is strong, but it can’t be true or false o Most arguments in sciences are deductive Deductive – valid/invalid o The conclusion of a sound argument follows with logical necessity Inductive: Argument from analogy has the following two characteristics:
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Unformatted text preview: o Premises assert one or more similarities between two or more things o The conclusion asserts an additional similarity between those same things o Example 11.2 #1: C: A man ought not to boast of wisdom acquired through an unfair advantage P1: A man ought not to boast of his courage for beating a men when his hands are bound P2: winning a fight when your opponent has his hands tied is similar to acquiring wisdom as a result of unfair advantage o Example 11.2 #2 C: it’s inconsistent to say your anti-Zionist and yet deny that you’re anti-Semitic P1: it’s inconsistent to say the US shouldn’t exist and yet deny that you’re anti-American. P2: similarity between saying the US shouldn’t exist and saying the a Zionist state shouldn’t exist...
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2011 for the course PHIL 045 taught by Professor Hopper during the Fall '07 term at GWU.

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