Artifacts, Classification, and Technology

Artifacts, Classification, and Technology - physical or...

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Artifacts, Classification, and Technology Objectives of Classification Organizing data into manageable units o Whole point of classification Describing types Identifying relationships between types Studying assemblage variability in the archaeological record Don’t classify, no better than a looter Typology Is a system of classification based on the construction of types o Type is a grouping of artifacts based on form, chronology, function, or style o Depends on what you are looking for o Typology one main aim: permits comparison Comparison allows archaeologist to align the assemblage with others in time and space o Diagnostic Rim, handle, vase Expert can give exact details from seeing these parts o Split sherds and diagnostics Divide into time periods Archaeological types o Four types of types: o Descriptive types are based on the form of the artifact, using
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Unformatted text preview: physical or external properties o Chronological type are also defined by decoration or form, but they are time markers. They are defined in terms of attributes that show changes over time o Functional type based on cultural use or role in their users culture rather than on outward form or chronological position o Stylistic type: use changing styles for classification purposes Attribute analysis Physical characteristics or features of significance used to distinguish one artifact from another are known as attributes Attribute analysis emphasizes combinations of attributes that distinguish and isolate one artifact type from another. Three broad groups used: o Formal attributes- shape/dimensions/components o Stylistic attributes- decoration, color surface o Technological attributes- material used to make artifact...
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2011 for the course ANTH 118 taught by Professor Blomster during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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Artifacts, Classification, and Technology - physical or...

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