History of Archaeological Theory

History of Archaeological Theory - History of...

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History of Archaeological Theory *By the 1800s archaeology being done by the big museums, and got more elegant in displays Sir Henry Rawlinson o Goes to Mesopotamia o Inscription at Besitun by Darius the Great of Persia 519 BC Written in Old Persian, Babylonian, and Median Heinrich Schliemann o “excavator” of Troy, 9 different cities of Troy Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie o Dug in Egypt, and moves up into Israel o Begins biblical archaeology o Realized pottery was the key to everything, goes in and out of fashion, can use pottery to date ancient city o Figured out the mounds are remains of cities built one on top of the other, borrowed geological idea of superposition Sir Mortimer Wheeler o Introduced digging method – Wheeler Kenyon Method Dig squares, 5m by 5m with 1m in between Controlled digging Can see in the side what you’ve dug through Leonard Woolley/Mallowans and Lawrence of Arabia o L of A classical archaeologist o Mallowan’s wife was Agatha Christie
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2011 for the course ANTH 118 taught by Professor Blomster during the Fall '10 term at GWU.

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History of Archaeological Theory - History of...

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