{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Hist 126 Wk 3 - Nicole Barbour Hist 126 Essay Wk#3 Rebecca...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Nicole Barbour Hist. 126 Essay Wk#3 Rebecca Leber-Gottberg 7/10/09 The Reasons and Results of the Peloponnesian War In 5 th century BC, ancient Greece was made up of several separate city-states. The two bitter rivals of this area were that of the large civilization of Athens and the smaller yet fierce society of Sparta. By 431 BC tensions between the two had risen to the extent that the Peloponnesian War had begun. The next twenty-seven years were full of victories, loses, and peace agreements between the Peloponnesian League headed by Sparta and that of the Athenian people. Sparta, the more militaristic of the two, was ultimately the victor at the end of the war in 404BC; however, it is the reasons why the civilization won and the results of the victory that is of much interest. There were many underlying factors for why the Peloponnesian War occurred. However, Thucydides, who was a historian of ancient Greece, proclaims that the main “cause of the war was the “‘fear of the growth of the power of Athens’” throughout the middle of the 5th century BC” (Causes of War). The civilization of Sparta had a skillfully trained military which was a definite advantage over the more artistic Athenians. Spartan men were taught to fight and protect their society, were educated in the art of combat for most of their lives, and had to be ready for war at all times. This dedication to the defense of their civilization is a factor to why they were so successful in the war against Athens. The Spartans and their allies also ruined the harvest of Athens to try and cut of their resources for food, which would then weaken their opponent.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sparta began to win battles and take control of land that surrounded the civilization of Athens.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern