Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Interest groups differ from political...

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Chapter 7 Interest groups differ from political parties in that they don’t seek to control the government, as parties do. o Interest groups want to influence policy making decisions. o Interest groups are more important in the political process in the United States then anywhere in the world. o Interest groups afford a way for people to band together and influence government as a collective force. o Interest groups encourage people to vote. o Interest groups have a negative reputation. o Interest groups assist in engagement of communities by providing a forum where people can come together and form an association. o Interest groups provide an alternate means of participation to those who hate the two-party system. Social Capital are the ways in which are lives our improved by social connections. o Social Capital also improves efficiency because when people are engaged with governmental officials, government responds by meeting their needs more efficiently. o When government responds, it’s more likely that those affected will try to influence government again. Pluralist Theory says that policy making is a competition among other interest groups that ensure the representation of individual interests.
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o People who support this say that it is important for a democracy to have large numbers of diverse interest groups representing a wide variety of views. o It’s good because individual interests are represented in the political area even if some individuals opt not to participate. o Pluralists believe that interest groups provide a structure for political participation and help ensure that people follow the rules of participation in civic society. Following the rules means using positive channels instead of extreme tactics (assassinations, coups) o Pluralists stress that groups different assets counterbalance each other. Elite Theory is a theory that says groups of wealthy, educated individuals holds the power in a society. o
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Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Interest groups differ from political...

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