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Unformatted text preview: 00:50 Lecture: 2/8 Industrialization begin in the early 1800s England 1811-1812: o Luddite Rebellion (early in the industrialization) destroy machinery/ factory looms and burned factories in southern England o English parliament sent for the Luddites to be punished (imprisioned and hanged) o Early English factories made cloth textile matts o the English landholders begin using their land to raise sheep to get wool (creating an economic class) o peasant farmers were increasing losing access to farmland. (because landholders refuse to rent out land for farming raising sheep makes more money) o this loss of access to land in Europe by peasants is often refer to as the enclosures o these peasants seek employment in factory and mils peasants increasingly left country side to look for work in cities o as more and more peasants sought work in factories, the wages paid went down the price of goods in factories started to drop due to cheap wages small business can no long compete with the factories o the luddites were previous business owners whose businesses were shut down by factories. (cottage industries) o **some of the Luddites were former factory workers because the wages from the factories were too low to survive some families were broken up to seek work by 1812, the luddite rebellion is put down by he british military o many luddites are hanged and others are imprisioned sent to Australia factories created the system of time-discipline where people learned to live their lives by clocks rather than natures cycles o farmers seasonal cycles o factories operate anytime *clock dependent the lifestyle of time-discipline emerges with the creation of factories in the 1800s clocks were seen as novelties, where only royalties possessed them the factories, through the use of the clock, began to dictate peoples lifestyles 1848: A time of massive civil unrest across western Europe o crime rates in cities continued to rise as people left the countryside to find work o prostitution rises! Karl Marx o 1848 communist manifesto o claimed that factory workers are not treated as human beings suffered alienation (dehumanized) o marx claims that capitalists (factory owners) make profits through surplus values paying workers less than what they deserve (exploiting the workers) o came up with the solution that workers should unite he called for workers to take control of the factories for themselves overtime, many western countries eventually developed labor laws to limit the...
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2A 60000 taught by Professor Douglas during the Spring '09 term at UC Irvine.
- Spring '09