Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism 9/14/1011:58AM...

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Utilitarianism 9/14/10 11:58 AM What is a Moral Theory? Some Examples: o The Unfair Professor – grades don’t reflect work, bad grades because he  dislikes you, moral judgment = that’s not right; moral/ethical judgments  ubiquitous o The Lake Example – let little girl drown when you could’ve saved her,  MONSTER, moral judgment: wrong because it was in your power to do  something (unless you couldn’t swim) and because lack of empathy for  human life and because she was a child; explain wrongness =  moral/ethical theory Three Approaches to Moral Theory: 1. Virtue theory  = has something to do with agent and way that agent  performed it (cowardly, uncharitable, selfish); actions right or wrong  depends on virtues (inculcated habits etc.) 2. Deontology  = what is primary is the kind of action itself, obligation/duty- centered moral theory; principled or rule-based theories [10  commandments = 10 rules say how you act] connected to idea of human  rights and humans have an intrinsic dignity 3. Consequentialism  = rightness or wrongness lies in their consequences o An agent   performs an action   which has consequences
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This note was uploaded on 03/15/2011 for the course HNRS 2000 taught by Professor Marin during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism 9/14/1011:58AM...

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