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Unformatted text preview: SOCIAL PROCESS THEORIES SOCIAL CONTROL 08/06/2010 16:10:00 ← Assumptions of Social Control Theories • People are inherently bad> born bad, learn to be good • Behaviors and passions are internally and externally controlled • People are rational>people have the decision to commit crime • People adhere to a dominant, stable normative system ← ← Hirschi’s Social Bonding Theory: ← Key Concept: • Social Bonds refer to ties a person has to the institutions and processes of society (ex: broken homes) o Why DON’T they do it, is the question asked ← Major Premise: • A persons bond to society prevents him or her from violating the law • If the bond weakens the person is free to commit crime ← 4 Elements of the Bond • Attachment- sensitivity to/interest in others (family,teachers,friends) more about attachment, not the person attached to. o More attachments=less likely to commit crime • Commitment=has to do with rational component, degree to which a persons social rewards (e.g. wealth) are tied to conventional actions • Involvement=amount of time devoted to conventional activities, if your busy you don’t have time to commit crime • Belief=internalization of conventional norms aka respect for the law ← ← Causal Structure: (-) Strength of ------------------------ Criminal Behavior the Social Bond ← ← Empirical Research: • Attachment, commitment and belief have consistent effects on delinquent behavior o Sex did not matter in results, but girls were more attached • Involvement rarely shows significant effect o Sports was not very effective, depends on activity. • Delinquent peer associations exert significant effects even holding constant social bonds • Delinquent behavior weakens certain social bonds (e.g. attachment to school) and not vice versa • Reverse causal order between delinquent peers and delinquency (i.e. social selection process) ← Belief did not matter as much as attachment and involvement ← ← Evaluation • Neglects relative importance of bands elements> some were more effective than others, but he did not specify the importance • Some social attachments are detrimental> not all attachments are good, went back and said what kind and who matters as well. • Modes of criminality> defines minor delinquency better than major and better defines females than males. • Effects of time (or age) are not considered> social bonds change with time. Developmental age • Temporal order problem> attachment was strong until you got caught doing something bad then it decreased ← ←...
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- Summer '11
- Empirical research, Sutherland, self control, Social control theories, Social Learning Theories, Social Bond Empirical Research