Atomic Bombing of Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima And Hiroshima And Nagasaki & Its After Nagasaki & Its After effect…effect…
•An atomic bomb, called Little Boy, was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th, 1945.•More than half of the buildings in the city were destroyed.•It was estimated that about 70,000 people were killed instantly.•And by 1946, about 140,000 had died due to injuries and radiation.HIROSHIMA - Summary of HIROSHIMA - Summary of events..events..
Reasons for Bombing in Hiroshima & Nagasaki…•Many historians believe that a main reason for the use of the bomb was retaliation for the surprise and brutal attack on Pearl Harbor.•United states came with a new tactic to force Japan to surrender – By Potsdam Declaration.•Potsdam DeclarationPotsdam Declaration•Truman’s First attempt at negotiating with Japan•Called for Japan’s unconditional surrender and an end to Militarism in Japan.•Issued on July 26.
Reasons for Bombing in Hiroshima & Nagasaki… (Cont.)Harry Trauman The U.S. President•Japan refused the Declaration.•The USA did not want to invade Japan.•They reasoned that using an Atomic-bomb would deliver a huge blow to Japan.•This would save the lives of hundreds of thousands of American troops.Potsdam Declaration
Possible Target Locations…•The target committee at Los Alamos from May 10 – 11, 1945, recommended Kyoto, Hiroshima, Yokohama, and arsenal at Kokura as possible targets.•The psychological effects on the Japanese citizens were important to the committee members.•The target location for the detonation of the bomb should be spectacular for international recognition.•Kyoto, Hiroshima, Kokura, and Niigata.
The Manhattan Project….•The research on atom bomb was called Manhattan project•Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory were the two laboratories in the United States where work towards the design of nuclear weapons have been undertaken.•The first nuclear test was located near Alamogordo, New Mexico, under code name “Trinity” on July 16, 1945Trinity Nuclear Test
Fat Man and Little Boy..
The Bomb Day…•In the morning of the 6thAugust 1945 plans of first atomic mission were set.