Chapter 3 Summary

Chapter 3 Summary - able to work to grow tobacco. Being the...

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Adrian Cappuccitti Chapter 3: North America in the Atlantic World 1650-1720 Dr. Ouattara / HIST 2110 Colonies began to grow in North America due to land grants and other benefits from the monarchy of England. New York was granted to James the Duke of York, but Boston and Pennsylvania remained the dominant colonies for a very long time. James’ representatives were cautious in their ways of establishing English authority because of New York’s diversity. New Jersey attracted settlers quickly with promises of land grants and freedom of religion, as well as a representative assembly. Tension between settlers and Native Americans increased over the de- sire for trade and land. A neutrality treaty eventually came about after 20 years of bitter fighting, but Anglo-Americans fueled King Phillips’ War by trying to take more land from Native Amer- icans. When colonies offered land to would-be settlers, there were fewer English workers avail-
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Unformatted text preview: able to work to grow tobacco. Being the Chesapeakes supporting asset, tobacco growers took up interest in purchasing African slaves. By 1500, enslaved Africans composed about one tenth of the population of Lisbon, Portugal, and Seville, Spain. In 1555 slavery was brought to England, and the English became accustomed to black slaves on the streets. Commodities produced by slaves in turn boosted exports and trade, and the need to feed and clothe slaves helped New Eng-land grow by selling cheap goods to slaves. The English took control of colonial trade brought on by the Navigation Act, and permitted American goods to be sold to only England. The policy was negative for Chesapeake planters because they were no longer able to sell their crops to for-eign markets....
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