Chapter 5 - operant conditioning

Chapter 5 - operant conditioning - Operant conditioning:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Operant conditioning: Definition Classical conditioning Involuntary behaviors Learn new triggers for involuntary responses Operant conditioning Voluntary behaviors Behavior is shaped by its consequences Name: Skinner Operant conditioning: Types of consequences POSITIVE (Stimulus Added) NEGATIVE (Stimulus Removed) REINFORCEMENT (Behavior more likely to happen again) Positive reinforcement (rewards) Negative reinforcement (avoid, escape) PUNISHMENT (Behavior less likely to happen again) Positive punishment Negative punishment Operant conditioning: Types of consequences How to choose label: 1. Identify the target behavior 2. Identify the consequence 3. Identify the effect on the target behavior 4. Answer: Was something added (positive) or removed (negative)?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Did the behavior strengthen (reinforcement) or weaken (punishment)?
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Operant conditioning: Schedules of reinforcement Continuous reinforcement Partial reinforcement (see below) FIXED (Same each time) VARIABLE (Unpredictable) RATIO (# of behaviors) Fixed Ratio Variable Ratio (Gambling) INTERVAL (Amount of time) Fixed Interval Variable Interval Operant conditioning: Applications Applied behavior analysis (behavior modification) Operant conditioning: Contemporary views Biological constraints o Instinctive drift Cognitive issues o Latent learning o Insight learning Observational learning: Basic principles Modeling Imitation 1. Attention 2. Retention 3. Motor reproduction 4. Reinforcement or incentives Psychological constraints Mindset (Dweck) Fixed mindset Growth mindset...
View Full Document

Page1 / 3

Chapter 5 - operant conditioning - Operant conditioning:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online