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1. Inequality is Structural

1. Inequality is Structural - Borroni 1 Edward Borroni...

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Borroni 1 Edward Borroni Sociology 1160 Ainsworth 12/10/10 The Structural Nature of Inequality Throughout the Fall 2010 semester in Sociology 1160 with Jim Ainsworth, a fantastic professor if it may be said, an ever present and constantly emphasized theme was fact that inequality is of a structural nature rather than an individualistic process. This essentially means that inequality is based on the circumstance which one is placed in rather than as an effect of the individual’s actions. Based on this point of view, one can personally do nothing about inequality because it is not based on the individual’s merits, but rather on the opportunities that the person is given. The paradox in this is that these opportunities, which are necessary for success, generally are something that comes with wealth and social status and as such, are once again structural rather than individualistic. So keeping this into account, indeed one does come back to the conclusion that inequality be it educational, social, racial, or otherwise is truly a structural issue. One reading that puts a particular emphasis on this concept is the book Class and Schools by Richard Rothstein. Within this book, Rothstein goes into great detail about how educational inequality, which is directly linked to social inequality, is something that is without a doubt a structural issue rather than an individualistic one. Therefore, in order for something to be done about it, the system as a whole must be changed and reformed rather than the disadvantaged students having to put more work or effort into it. He talks about how various issues regarding social and wealth inequality contribute to reproducing educational inequality and consequentially
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Borroni 2 social inequality. The first issue that he deals with is different family processes. He goes into
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1. Inequality is Structural - Borroni 1 Edward Borroni...

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