Chapter 8.2 - Chapter 8(cont The Federal Court System...

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Chapter 8 (cont.) The Federal Court System operates on a three-tiered model consisting of: o The U.S. District Courts, the lowest tier of the federal court system, also known as federal trial courts. These are the courts in which cases involving federal laws begin, and a judge or jury decides the case. Every state has at least ONE federal district court, and there is also one in D.C. The number of judicial districts varies over time, primarily owing to population changes and corresponding caseloads. There are currently 94 judicial districts. Includes other trial courts of limited jurisdiction: Tax court Court of International Trade o The U.S. Court of Appeals has 13 courts of appeal—also referred to as U.S. circuit courts of appeals. The federal courts of appeals for 12 of the circuits hear appeals from the district courts located within their respective judicial circuits.
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