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Exam 1 Answers - Kersten Zielinski PS 123 MW 11:30 12:50...

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Kersten Zielinski PS 123 MW 11:30 – 12:50 Take Home Exam 1 October 8, 2007 Take Home Exam 1 1a) Drawing upon the “ Key Constitutional Concepts: Creating the Constitution” film, in a substantive paragraph describe two key compromises made by the delegates meeting in Philadelphia. One key compromise made by the delegates meeting in Philadelphia were a bicameral legislature. The larger states wanted representation in the federal government to be based on population, but the smaller states wanted each state to have equal representation, regardless of size, and were threatening to walk if they didn’t get their way. So Roger Schurman proposed the bicameral legislature. The House of Representatives would be based on proportional representation in order to satisfy the larger states, and the Senate would be composed of two members per state to satisfy the smaller states. Another key compromise made by the delegates was counting the slaves as only 3/5 of a person. The Northern states didn’t want the Southern states to be more powerful, so they argued that slaves shouldn’t count as people at all, but the South wanted slaves to count as whole people, even though they technically couldn’t vote because they didn’t own property. 1b) The history of nursing in the United States was presented in “ Sentimental Women Need Not Apply”. Drawing upon this film, describe two obstacles that nurses had to overcome to establish their profession. One obstacle that nurses had to overcome to establish their profession was the prejudices against them. Nurses were said to have carried the taint of illness. Doctors only wanted nurses who would aide them, not challenge them. Hospitals only wanted to hire “refined” women, i.e. women not just out of high school, but older, white, and from the farm. The image of a nurse was obscene and very stereotypical until World War II, when it the changed to nurses being thought of as more angelic. Another obstacle that nurses had to overcome was getting a job after they graduated from nursing school. Hospitals trained the nurses as part of their schooling, but didn’t pay them. Once a nurse graduated, she was put out of work, since the hospital could get more student nurses that they didn’t have to pay. Some nurses were able to find private practice, but there obviously wasn’t enough to go around. However, thanks to the steady supply of nurses, by 1930, the United States had roughly 7,000 hospitals. As the need for healthcare increased, nurses started to become
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Zielinski 2 accommodated. Even though more nurses were now able to get a job, they still were paid very little, since hospitals thought that it was stupid to pay someone for caring. 1d) Drawing upon the film “Eyes on the Prize: Bridge to Freedom” . Describe two insights the film provides about the struggle for the right to vote for Blacks in the segregated South.
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