Chapter 7.2

Chapter 7.2 - Chapter 7 (cont.) Fixation o Using a prior...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 7 (cont.) Fixation o Using a prior strategy and failing to look at a problem from the fresh, new perspective. Functional Fixedness o Failing to solve a problem as a result of fixation on a thing’s usual functions Reasoning o The mental activity of transforming information to reach conclusions Inductive reasoning o Reasoning from specific observations to make generalizations Deductive reasoning o Reasoning from a general case that is known to be true to a specific instance Decision making o The mental activity of evaluating alternatives and choosing among them. Confirmation bias o Tendency to search for an use information that supports rather than refutes one’s ideas Ex: a politician accepts news that support his views and dismisses those that contradict them. Base rate fallacy
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Tendency to ignore information about general principles in favor of very specific but vivid information Not buying something because your friend told you his bad experience
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/21/2011 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor Thompson during the Spring '08 term at Harper.

Page1 / 3

Chapter 7.2 - Chapter 7 (cont.) Fixation o Using a prior...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online