Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - Key Concepts From Week 2 9/28...

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Key Concepts From Week 2 9/28 Sociological imagination The ability to connect the most basic, intimate aspects of an individual’s life to seemingly impersonal and remote historical forces Allows us to see the veneer of social life for what it is, meanwhile giving us the tools to comprehend the change happening around us Enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society Making the familiar strange Social institution A group of social positions, connected by social relations, performing a social role; also defined in a narrow sense as any institution in a society that works to socialize the groups or people within it A college is an institution that acts as a gatekeeper to what are considered legitimate forms of educational advantage by certifying what is legitimate knowledge Not monolithic Social construction An institutionalized entity or artifact in social system “invented” or “constructed” by participants in a particular culture or society that exists because people agree to behave as if it exists, concur on following certain conventional rules, or behave as if such an agreement or rules exist Basic history of the discipline of Sociology: Marx o Emphasizing the economic dimensions o Society is based on class conflicts. 1
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o The expansion of capitalism generates inequality and exploitation o Elaborate a theory of what drives history, now called historical materialism Weber o Emphasizing the political dimensions o Modern society is based on rationalization and disenchantment religion is a form of enchantment o Authority must be legitimate people in the society have to consent to it Durkheim o Emphasizing the cultural dimensions o Society is based on solidarity o Shared understandings and values, shared culture o Division of labor WEB DuBois o Founded the modern civil rights movement o Used anomie to explain crime rates among African Americans o Cofounded the NAACP Jane Addams o The only sociologist to win a Nobel Prize: the 1931 Nobel Prize o First American woman to win the Nobel Prize o Founded the first American settlement house, Hull House, and institution that attempted to link the ideas of the university to the poor through a full-service community center Harriet Martineau 2
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o A mid-19 th century feminist before that term even existed Major sociological theories: Symbolic Interactionism o A micro-level theory in which shared meanings, orientations, and assumptions form the basic motivation behind people’s actions o The ways we present ourselves to each other o People act in response to the meaning that signs and social signals hold for them o The groundwork was laid by Erving Goffman’s dramaturgical theory of social interaction o We make judgments about class and social status based on how people speak, what they wear, and they other tiny details of how they present themselves to others, and at the same time, they rely
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This note was uploaded on 03/16/2011 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Mechlinski during the Fall '08 term at UCSB.

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Midterm Study Guide - Key Concepts From Week 2 9/28...

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