101 Global Guide Sp 2011

101 Global Guide Sp 2011 - India Before 1200 Spring 2011...

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1 India Before 1200 Spring 2011 Indus (River) Valley Culture (Harrapan), ca. 2700-1500 BCE 6.4 Nude male torso (Harappa, Pakistan; 2000 BCE; cf 6.3) 6.5 Seal with Yogic figure (Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan) Buddhist Art 6.7 Great Stupa (at Sanchi, India) 6.8 Yakshi (at East gate of Great Stupa) (Also see 6.11, the relief sculpture depicting the life and death of the Buddha) 6.10 Meditating (seated) Buddha – Gandhara style (Pakistan) 6.12 Seated Buddha - Mathura type (India) 6.13 Seated Buddha- Gupta type (India) Hindu Art (all in India) 6.19/20 Vishnu Temple (at Deogarth), 6 th C CE – early Northern style temple 6. 23 Shiva (Visvanatha) Temple (at Khajuraho), 1000 CE – monumental Northern style 6.24 Mithuna reliefs, ca 1000 (from 6.23) 6.21 Rock-cut temples (“rathas”) – early Southern style temples (see monumental Southern style, 6.22) 6.16 Boar Avatar of Vishnu, stone relief 6.25 Shiva (as Nataraja), bronze 1. Indus (River Valley) or Harrapan Civilization (India & Pakistan) ca. 2700-1500 BCE: (Dravidians), seals, yoga/yogic 2. Vedic Culture, ca. 1500 - 4 th C BCE: Vedas (Upanishads), Aryans, Sanskrit, caste system, yakshi(s) – female & yaksha(s) – male; mithuna(s) - erotic couples; karma ( samsara - rebirth of the soul, moksha or nirvana ) 3. Buddhism: Siddhartha Gautama, 563-483 BCE, Buddha, and known as Shakyamuni (Wise Man of the Shakyu tribe); Theravada (also called Hinayana) and Mahayana Buddhism, bodhisattvas , dharma (Law), chakra (Wheel), nirvana, mudra(s), axis mundi, mandorla/nimbus/halo; ( lakshana - physical attributes - include: urna, ushnisha ) 4. Hinduism: samsara , moksha (liberation/nirvana), Brahman - the world or oversoul and Brahma, the god, (then there are Brahmins, the priests), Vishnu-Shiva- Devi/shakti, axis mundi, garbha griha - “womb chamber” or “cella”, mandala, ( shikhara ) The Art of Early China Spring 2011 Sculpture - mixed to introduce concepts 7.3 a Guang, bronze (Shang Dynasty, 1100-1000 BCE) 7.6 Emperor‟s Army, terracotta (Qin Dynasty, ca. 210 BCE)) 7.8 Wu Family relief carvings (Han Dynasty; Confucianism, 147-158 CE)
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2 7.13 Two Buddhas, bronze (Northern Wei ,6 th C CE; Buddhism) (cf the earlier, 4 th C Shakyamuni Buddha, # 7.11) 7.14 Vairocana Budddha ( Mahayana Cosmic Buddha ), 7 th C CE, Longmen Caves (Tang Dynasty) Architecture 7.9 Model of a house (Han Dynasty, 1st C. CE)
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101 Global Guide Sp 2011 - India Before 1200 Spring 2011...

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