101 Guide Sheets Spring 2011

101 Guide Sheets Spring 2011 - ARH 101 Guide Sheets Spring...

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ARH 101 Guide Sheets Spring 2011 The list is keyed to Gardner’s Art Through the Ages (thirteenth edition), volume I, and subject to revision. The current list provides the required material for the first midterm. Illustrations of works are accompanied by their media and, for architecture, by their location. The culture periods, with their required dates, are used to establish the structure. The material in parentheses is for the reference of ideas only. Abbreviations used: cf. = compare; see = consult for reference; p = page; ca. or c. = circa, meaning approximately & used with dates; C = century, with the century ahead of the numbers (e.g. 3rd C = 200s). We now use the calendar designations of BCE (“Before the Common Era”) and CE (“Common Era”) to replace the older designations of BC (“before Christ”) and AD (“Anno Domini,” Latin for “in the year of our Lord”) to lessen bias. However, this new “era- system” retains the birth of Christ as the fixed pivot date. For example, from 20 BCE to 50 CE is reckoned in the same, older manner of 70 years between them. Chpt. 1. Art Before History (Use two cultures & dates) Paleolithic: ca. 30,000 - 9000 BCE 1.11 Hall of Bulls; (Lascaux Caves, France) pigments (see 1.9, from Altamira, Spain) 1.12 Animals; (Chauvet Cave, France); pigments 1.10 Spotted horses/hand imprints; pigment 1.13 Rhinoceros, wounded man, bison ( Well Scene ); pigment 1.4 Human with feline head; ivory 1.5 Nude woman ( Venus of Willendorf ); limestone (see 1.6) 1.7 Two bison (France); unbaked clay, high relief (see 1.8) Neolithic Culture ca. 8000/4000 - 2300 BCE Note: Aspects of the Neolithic culture continue throughout various cultures in future chapters. The many early civilizations based around the stability of agriculture and animal domestication are all Neolithic in that sense, but they grow more unified and acquire other designations, usually based on geography, such as the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, or Aegean cultures. However these later cultures are not considered Stone Age because they develop the use of metals, nor “prehistoric” due to their development of writing. 1.15 Human figure (from city in Jordan); decorated plaster 1.16 Reconstruction, city houses, Çatal Höyük, Turkey (c. 6000 BCE) 1.18 Landscape with volcano & city (Çatal Höyük); pigment 1.17 Deer hunt (wall painting from Çatal Höyük); pigment 1.1 Main temple at Hagar Qim, Malta 1.20 Stonehenge, England (consider as architecture) (see 1.19) Terms & Concepts Prehistoric, Paleolithic, Neolithic; realism & naturalism; (a)esthetics, abstraction, (narrative painting), modeling; 3 types of sculpture - in the round, freestanding and relief sculpture (high & low relief); incise(-d); terracotta; ground line; mural painting; megalithic construction; post-and- lintel construction; (vaults & vaulting; apse); (Woodhenge, England) Chpt. 2: Ancient Near East Mesopotamian Culture: ca. 3500 - 500 BCE
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101 Guide Sheets Spring 2011 - ARH 101 Guide Sheets Spring...

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